Research Paper in Herbal Chemistry

Ethnobotanical and Socioeconomic Importance of Saraca indica L. (Sita Ashoka): Agra DIstrict

Neelam Kulshrestha and K.P. Singh

The present Ethnobotanical and Socioeconomic study was carried out with the help of the local people, tribal people, Medicine men and farmers of Agra district, Uttar Pradesh, who were using Saraca indica species, a medicinally important plant belonging to family (Caesalpinacae).  The various morphological parts of this plant such as root, timber, bark, flower, seed are used to treat various diseases like cold, fever, cough, diarrhea, dysentery, skin diseases, toothache, indigestion, and liver diseases and as an wound healing, rheumatism, headache and treatment of neurotic disorder

Phytochemical screening and antibacterial assay of the essential oil from Carpesium cernuum L.

Lalit S. Bisht, Rajendra Prasad, Deepshikha Joshi, Manoj K. Nailwal and Anand B. Melkani

Carpesium Cernuum L. (Asteraceae) growing wild in Kumaon and Garhwal region of the central Himalaya, is an herb of several medicinal properties. The essential oil from whole aerial parts of plant was extracted by steam distillation and analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Total forty-five constituents were identified which represented 81.4% of the total oil composition. The essential oil was found rich in oxygenated sesquiterpene (38.6%) with sesquicineole (13.8%), α-bisabolol (9.6%) and myrtenal (6.0%) as the principal constituents. In-vitro antibacterial screening of the oil against ten bacterial strains showed significant activity against Xanthomonas phaseoli, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enterica enterica. The essential oil showed minimum inhibitory concentration at 31.25 µL/mL against Escherichia coli, Pasteurella multocida, Enterococcus faecalis, Agrobacterium tumifaciens, Xanthomonas phaseoli, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enterica enterica.

Medicinal Plants of Rajasthan: A Review

Vyas Seema, Mali M.C. , Verma S.K and Bhojak N.,DOI: 10.24214/IJGHC/HC/6/4/11743.

Rajasthan has geographic area of 342,239 square kilometers, has become geographically the largest state in India acquiring almost 11% of the total Geographical area of India, Located at 23º30´ and 30º 11’ North latitude and 69º 29’ and 78º 17’ East longitude is blessed with all three features i.e. mountains, plateaus and plains. The oldest range of mountains - Aravalli, biggest Indian desert the Thar or Maru-Kantar and the other arid regions, the Plateaus of Vindhaya and the Malwa, the Fertile plains in the Mewar, the Forest Regions and the Water resources including Rivers and Salt Lakes. In the present paper 389 Medicinal plants used in Indian system of medicine from Rajasthan state have been surveyed and catagorised systematically with their important traditional application for the cure of various ailments.